Spinal intradural extramedullary tumors: microscopic keyhole resection with the focus on intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring and long-term outcome
By Admin | August 31, 2023
Spinal schwannomas (SS) and spinal meningiomas (SM) account for most intradural extramedullary (IDEM) tumors. These tumors are usually benign lesions, which generally respond favorably to surgical excision. Few studies up to now tried to determine the long-term outcome after minimally invasive surgery (MIS) with multimodal intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) for IDEM tumors. The aim of this study was to present one of the largest case series with special regard to IONM findings and long-term outcome after MIS-keyhole surgery with a tubular retractor system.
Between January 2013 and August 2018, 87 patients with IDEM tumors who underwent tumor removal surgery via MIS-keyhole approach under multimodal IONM were retrospectively reviewed. The neurological status was assessed using a modified McCormick grading scale pre- and postoperatively. Multimodal IONM consisted of motor evoked potentials (MEP), somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP), and electromyography (EMG). Both short-term and long-term clinical evaluations as well as patients’ medical files were retrospectively analyzed.
Surgeries were performed for resection of SS in 49 patients and SM in 38 patients. Tumor locations were cervical in 16.1%, thoracic in 48.3%, thoracolumbar in 4.6%, lumbar 31%. Critical IONM changes were detected in 9 operations (10.3%) in which there were 2 SEPs, 5 MEPs, and 2 EMG events. Three IONM changes (2 MEPs, 1 EMG) were turned out to be transient change in nature since they were resolved in a short time when immediate corrective actions were initiated. Six patients with permanent IONM changes (2SEPs, 3MEPs, 1EMG event), all deficits had resolved during hospitalization or on short -term follow-up evaluation. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predicted values of IONM were...(More)